Download E-books Predicative Possession (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) PDF

By Leon Stassen

This can be the 1st complete remedy of the recommendations hired within the world's languages to specific predicative ownership, as in "the boy has a bat". It offers the result of the author's fifteen-year examine undertaking at the topic. Predicative ownership is the resource of many grammaticalization paths - as within the English ideal annoying shaped from to have - and its typology is a vital key to knowing the structural number of the world's languages and the way they alter. Drawing on information from a few four hundred languages representing all of the world's language households, such a lot of which lack a detailed comparable to the verb to have, Professor Stassen goals (a) to set up a typology of 4 simple kinds of predicative ownership, (b) to find and describe the methods through which commonplace structures might be changed, and (c) to discover hyperlinks among the typology of predicative ownership and different typologies with the intention to demonstrate styles of interdependence. He exhibits, for instance, that the parameter of simultaneous sequencing - the way in which a language officially encodes a chain like "John sang and Mary danced" - correlates with how it encodes predicative ownership. through this and different hyperlinks the writer units up a unmarried common version with the intention to account for all morphosyntactic version in predicative ownership present in the languages of the realm, together with styles of edition through the years.

Predicative Possession will curiosity students and complex scholars of language typology, diachronic linguistics, morphology and syntax.

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Download E-books The Vulgar Tongue: Green's History of Slang PDF

As soon as the language of thieves and beggars, slang is an ever current a part of modern tradition for individuals around the strata. It permits us to hook up with others, to specific differently guarded concepts, and to show humor within the daily. yet how did slang break out its stigma because the language of the streets and combine itself so seamlessly with "standard English?"

The Vulgar Tongue tells the complete tale of English language slang, from its origins in early British beggar books to its unfold in American and Australian tradition within the eighteenth century. the purpose isn't to checklist the heritage of the over 125,000 English phrases that make up the lexis. really, the writer specializes in the typical, usually profane topics that run during the word-list--crime, intercourse, physically components and capabilities, insults, and drink and drugs--and their scope and serve as in the course of the a variety of cultures and overlapping subcultures of English language historical past, from the wearing global to the college campus to ethnic groups. In tracing its improvement and trajectory during the English-speaking global, Jonathon eco-friendly bargains an impassioned defence for its power, displaying how slang has grown right into a glossy, flexible vocabulary that has however validated its personal function in modern English.

Drawing on thirty years' worthy of analysis, The Vulgar Tongue is a party of the phrases and words of an missed point of human language and interaction.

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Download E-books Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English PDF

* Over 350 tables and graphs convey the frequency of structures in numerous contexts, from dialog to fiction to educational prose * completely corpus-based with 6000 genuine examples from the forty million-word Longman Spoken and Written English Corpus * indicates the explanations why we elect a selected constitution in a specific context * Compares British and American spoken and written English components lined contain easy grammar: description and distribution, key notice sessions and their words and intricate buildings. each one sector is subdivided into extra specified content material.

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Download E-books How English Works: A Linguistic Introduction (3rd Edition) PDF

By Anne Curzan, Michael P. Adams

An enormous introductory language/linguistics textbook written in particular for English and schooling majors, this booklet is an interesting creation to the constitution of English, normal theories in linguistics, and significant concerns in sociolinguistics.

This obtainable textual content presents extra broad assurance of problems with specific curiosity to English and schooling majors. Tapping into our normal interest approximately language, it invitations all scholars to attach educational linguistics to daily use of the English language and to develop into energetic contributors within the development of linguistic wisdom.

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Download E-books Understanding English Grammar: A Linguistic Introduction PDF

Language is basically a device for verbal exchange, but many textbooks nonetheless deal with English grammar as easily a collection of ideas and evidence to be memorised via rote. This new textbook is made for college kids who're annoyed with this strategy and would favor as an alternative to appreciate grammar and the way it really works. Why are there destiny tenses in English? What are auxiliaries and why are they so complicated? Why are English movement verbs tough to exploit? Why are determiners so vital in English? those and plenty of different commonly asked questions are spoke back during this convenient consultant. scholar studying is supported with quite a few routines, bankruptcy summaries and recommendations for additional studying. An accompanying web site deals additional assets, together with extra school room workouts and an opportunity to have interaction with the writer. it's the crucial grammar toolkit for college students of English language and linguistics and destiny lecturers of English as a moment Language.

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Download E-books 1001 Vocabulary & Spelling Questions PDF

Even if anyone is analyzing, talking, or writing, having a powerful vocabulary is necessary. This publication is the simplest perform to enhance vocabulary talents, and to be triumphant on assessments akin to the Verbal component to the SAT or the GRE. This thoroughly revised workbook has perform for all sorts of try out questions, comparable to sentence of completion, examining comprehension, analogies, and discovering misspelled phrases. furthermore, each query has a whole resolution clarification so readers can examine from their blunders.

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Download E-books Mind the Gaffe!: A Troubleshooter's Guide to English Style and Usage PDF

By R. L. Trask

A linguist with perspective, R. L. Trask used to be a steadfast soldier within the unending disagreement, scuffling with the great struggle for normal written English. respected for its perception and mythical for its "cheek," Trask's Mind the Gaffe! is an integral guidebook for wordsmiths and language professionals of each stripe, supplying secure passage throughout the ubiquitous minefields of incorrect usage.

  • Artiste: This pretentious notice . . . usually ability "fraud pretending to be an artist." do not use it until you suggest to be insulting.

  • Amoral, Immoral: An amoral individual is person who doesn't understand the adaptation among correct and mistaken. An immoral individual is aware the variation yet does incorrect anyway.

  • Reaction: A response is a surprising and spontaneous reaction to a stimulus, reminiscent of leaping, shrieking, or fainting. The be aware isn't thoroughly used as a posh notice for any type of thought of reaction. for those who flow a coverage rfile, you could ask others for his or her reviews, or for his or her criticisms, yet don't ask them for his or her reactions until you wish to listen to responses like "I burst into uncontrollable laughter."

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